Onychomycosis, also called tinea unguium, is a fungal infection that affects either the fingernails or toenails. Fungal infections normally develop over time, so any immediate difference in the way your nail looks or feels may be too subtle to notice at first.
A fungal nail infection however can also be painful and many people find it an embarrassing and unsightly problem. Infections can cause nails to turn yellow, brown, orange or white. They may become, thickened and scaly and, if left untreated, fungal nail infection can lead to the nail being lost altogether. Leaving a fungal nail infection untreated also means there is a risk of spreading it to other nails and other people, including family members.
Traditional methods of treatment such as nail paints are subject to the limits of chemical diffusion. This is not the case with laser therapy which has been shown to penetrate the entire nail and nail bed, delivering a treatment to the entire infected area. The laser is safe to use and does not have the toxic side effects to the liver that some oral medications cause.
Warts are caused by infection in the outer layer of the skin (epidermis) with a virus called the ‘human papilloma virus’. There are many different strains of this virus, the infection makes the skin over-grow and thicken, leading to a benign (non-cancerous) skin growth (the wart).
Types of wart include common warts, flat warts, pigmented warts, and plantar warts. They can be singular or collected together – mosaic warts.
When warts occur on the feet they are called plantar warts are caught by contact with infected skin scales – for example from the floors of public locker rooms, shower cubicles and the areas around swimming pools. The virus is not highly contagious, and it is unclear why some people develop plantar warts while others do not. The virus enters the skin through tiny breaks in the skin surface.
Diagnosis is usually by clinical appearance, black dots that confirm the diagnosis of a viral wart.